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02 23

协议离婚一定要双方到场吗

  • 发布日期: 2019-02-23

一、协议离婚一定要双方到场吗
 
1. Does an agreement divorce require the presence of both parties?
 
 
 
双方必须亲自到婚姻登记机关共同提出登记离婚申请。离婚,是家庭婚姻关系发生重大变更的法律行为,它涉及到离婚当事人的各种权力,是一种重要的民事法律活动,是不得请人代理、代替,以达到确实维护当事人的一切利益的目的。
 
Both parties must personally go to the marriage registration authority to jointly file an application for divorce registration. Divorce is a legal act of major changes in family and marital relations. It involves various rights of the parties involved in divorce. It is an important civil legal activity. It is not allowed to be represented or replaced, so as to achieve the purpose of safeguarding all the interests of the parties.
 
 
 
二、申请协议离婚的条件是什么
 
2. What are the conditions for applying for divorce by agreement?
 
 
 
1、当事人须为合法夫妻并且具有完全民事行为能力。
 
1. The parties shall be legal couples and have full civil capacity.
 
 
 
(1)协议离婚的当事人双方应当具有合法夫妻身份。以协议离婚方式办理离婚的,仅限于依法办理了结婚登记的婚姻关系当事人。不包括未婚同居和有配偶者与他人非法同居的男女双方,也不包括未办理结婚登记的“事实婚姻”中的男女双方。根据《婚姻登记管理条例》第十八条的规定,未办理过结婚登记的男女申请离婚登记的,婚姻登记管理机关不予受理。其间发生的有关身份关系的纠纷,以及涉及子女、财产问题的争议,可以诉请人民法院处理。
 
(1) The parties to an agreement divorce shall have the legal status of husband and wife. Where a divorce is handled by agreement, it shall be limited to the parties who have registered their marriage according to law. It does not include unmarried cohabitants and couples illegally cohabiting with other people, nor does it include both men and women in "de facto marriage" without marriage registration. According to the provisions of Article 18 of the Regulations on the Administration of Marriage Registration, if a man or woman who has not registered for marriage applies for divorce registration, the marriage registration administration organ shall not accept it. Disputes concerning identity, as well as disputes concerning children and property may be referred to the people's court for settlement.
 
 
 
(2)协议离婚的当事人双方均应当具有完全的民事行为能力。只有完全民事行为能力人才能独立自主地处理自己的婚姻问题。一方或者双方当事人为限制民事行为能力或者无民事行为能力的,即精神病患者、痴呆症患者,不适用协议离婚程序,只能适用诉讼程序处理离婚问题,以维护没有完全民事行为能力当事人的合法权益。
 
(2) Both parties to an agreement divorce shall have full civil capacity. Only those with full civil capacity can deal with their own marital problems independently. If one party or both parties want to limit the capacity of civil conduct or have no capacity of civil conduct, that is, psychiatric patients and dementia patients, they do not apply the divorce agreement procedure, but only apply the litigation procedure to deal with the divorce issue, in order to safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of the parties who do not have full capacity of civil conduct.
 
 
 
2、协议离婚当事人双方必须具有离婚的共同意愿。
 
2. Both parties to an agreed divorce must have the common will to divorce.
 
 
 
“双方自愿”是协议离婚的基本条件,协议离婚的当事人应当有一致的离婚意愿。这一意愿必须是真实而非虚假的;必须是自主作出的而不是受对方或第三方欺诈、胁迫或因重大误解而形成的;必须是一致的而不是有分歧的。对于一方要求离婚的,婚姻登记管理机关不予受理,只能通过诉讼离婚解决争议。
 
"Both parties voluntarily" is the basic condition of divorce by agreement. The parties to divorce by agreement should have the same divorce intention. This will must be true rather than false; it must be self-made rather than fraudulent, coercive or gross misunderstanding by the other party or third party; it must be consistent rather than divergent. If one party requests a divorce, the marriage registration administration organ will not accept it and can only resolve the dispute through litigation divorce.
 
 
 
3、对子女和财产问题已有适当处理。
 
3. The issue of children and property has been properly dealt with.
 
 
 
“对子女和财产问题已有适当处理”是协议离婚的必要条件。如果婚姻关系当事人不能对离婚后的子女和财产问题达成一致意见、作出适当处理的话,则不能通过婚姻登记程序离婚,而只能通过诉讼程序离婚。
 
"Adequate treatment of children and property issues" is a necessary condition for divorce by agreement. If the parties to the marriage relationship can not reach an agreement on the children and property issues after divorce and make appropriate treatment, they can not divorce through the marriage registration procedure, but only through the litigation procedure.
 
 
 
离婚是对夫妻之间人身关系进行处理的一种手段,无论是协议离婚还是诉讼离婚,最终其实都是想要达到解除婚姻关系的目的。而在协议离婚中,要求男女双方都有离婚的意愿,之后去婚姻登记机构办理手续,也是要求双方共同前往,而不能委托他人代为办理离婚手续。
 
Divorce is a means of dealing with the personal relationship between husband and wife. Whether it is an agreement divorce or a lawsuit divorce, ultimately it is to achieve the purpose of dissolving the marriage relationship. In agreement divorce, both men and women are required to have the will to divorce, and then go to the marriage registration agency to go through the formalities. It also requires both parties to go together, but can not entrust others to handle the divorce formalities on their behalf.


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