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On October 5, local time, India and Russia signed large arms sales orders of nearly $9 billion in New Delhi.
One of the most notable is the S-400 air defense missile system, which is worth $5.43 billion. According to the agreement between India and Russia, India will buy five S-400 sets from Russia, which will be delivered in October 2020.
The S-400 has a range of 400 kilometers. The radar system can detect targets beyond 600 kilometers. Besides airplanes, cruise missiles and ballistic missiles, it can also hit ground targets.
In addition to five S-400 sets, India has bought 6,000 missiles from Russia, four Krivak III stealth frigates worth $2.5 billion and 200 military helicopters worth $1 billion.
As we all know, Russia is the main supplier of weapons to India. More than 70% of the weapons and technical equipment of the Indian army, Navy and air force are made by Russia and the Soviet Union.
But this time India bought the S-400 from Russia, the United States reacted a little bit. The United States has repeatedly used sanctions to threaten typing, trying to disrupt and prevent Russia and India from signing the order.
Just before Putin's visit to India on October 4, the United States warned India once again that the S-400 was a key "target of concern" for the United States, threatening that even India's $18 billion worth of equipment purchased from the United States might face assembly problems in addition to the sanctions it triggered if it did not abandon its purchases.
You say that the buyer and seller are willing to do so. What's wrong with the third party in the United States?
What kind of sanctions does the United States base on when it sanctions this and that?
The United States has earnestly stated that it has imposed sanctions under the Sanctions Against the United States Enemy Act.
On August 2, 2017, Trump signed the Law on Sanctions Against the American Enemy. The bill imposes additional restrictions on Russia, Iran and North Korea, as well as on third countries that cooperate with Russian defense companies.
That is to say, the United States and Russia are not good, then no one in your other countries can be good with him, good with him, I will punish you. In this way, the United States uses domestic law to restrict international relations, which directly violates the norms of international relations.
However, India does not believe in evil, not only signed the $9 billion arms sales deal with Russia, but on October 8, Indian Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said India would continue to buy Iranian crude oil in November. And India is considering a different payment system to buy Iranian oil, possibly in the Indian rupee.
The United States does not allow other countries to buy Iranian oil. In fact, the whole world is trying to find ways, such as bypassing the US dollar, settling accounts in RMB, developing barter trade, buying oil fields, gas fields in Iran, etc.
On March 24, 1999, the Kosovo War broke out. In fact, 11 countries of the European Union were engaged in the Euro. The United States thought that the Euro had touched the cheese of the United States. How could this be done? The United States fought a Kosovo war. In fact, this war is a war of aircraft and artillery to fight the euro.
Now European countries are beginning to wonder, you and the United States are always like this, sanction this today, get that tomorrow, and then withdraw from the group addiction, the last president said that this president did not recognize, reversed, always so tossed, who will play with you? Last month, European Commission President Juncker just called for the promotion of the euro's global goods. Currency status, 80% of the annual energy import fees in Europe are settled in US dollars, but only 2% of the energy imports from the United States, which is very unreasonable.
If countries follow suit, it will be difficult for the United States to shade the sky in the future. As the deer race, smoke spreads everywhere, villages and villages ignite and smoke everywhere, the passage of time changes, carrying yesterday's ticket will never boarded tomorrow's passenger ship.
In fact, under the pressure of the United States, India decided to sign a large arms sales order with Russia and continue to buy Iranian oil. The most important concern is whether the United States will grant India immunity. India believes that Trump has the right to exempt specific countries and specific transactions from sanctions, and Russian media have revealed that the Indian government hopes that the United States will not sanction India for buying Russia's S-400.
The United States is still thinking about opening up India's arms market and squeezing out Russia, and India is an important chess piece in the U.S. Indian-Pacific strategy. It's not good to be too rigid with India. In recent years, Russia has gained momentum in the international arms trade market. From 2013 to 2017, Russia's arms exports accounted for 22% of the global total, only 34% after the United States, ranking second.
Naturally, the United States does not want Russia to pursue more and more tightly, so whether for strategic considerations or practical interests, the U.S. sanctions stick will not be easily retracted. As for whether India will be the lucky one to get immunity, we need to continue to pay attention.